Not everybody with kidney problems gets muscle cramps and healthy individuals can get them if they have used these muscles doing strenuous physical activity. If you are suffering from muscle cramps, the following information is expected to be helpful.
What are muscle cramps?
Muscle cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions or spasms in one or more of your muscles. They can last a few seconds to several minutes. It is a very common muscle problem. Most of the times, these cramps occur in the calf muscles (the back of your leg, underneath your knee), but they can also occur in any other group of muscles. They often appear at night and can be very painful.
How can muscle cramps happen to kidney disease patients?
When the kidneys are not functioning well, phosphorus will build up in bloodstream, which makes the blood calcium lower. Low calcium can irritate nerve muscle. Moderate reduction of calcium will cause moderate numbness and pinning sensations on limbs and face; in severer cases, the patients experience muscle cramps. Other causes which can cause low calcium include insufficient intake of vitamin D and reduced production of vitamin D3.
Moreover, muscle cramps are fairly common on hemodialysis. They are more commonly associated with low blood pressure. However, some cramping continues even after a normal blood pressure is obtained. In fact, muscle cramps can occur even without a fall in blood pressure. Muscle cramps also can occur when you are below your dry weight. The severe muscle cramping experienced near the end of the dialysis treatment and persisting for a time after dialysis often is due to dehydration.
How to relieve muscle cramps for kidney disease patients?
-Painkillers. Painkillers can be effective in reducing pain, but they are probably not very helpful. If an individual had a severe muscle cramp and the muscle is tender afterwards, an OTC painkiller may help.
-Quinine. Some doctors may recommend quinine if the stretching has not helped, attacks are frequent, and/or the patient's quality of life is being undermined by the leg cramps. A course of treatment usually lasts from four to six weeks - the patient takes the medication just before going to bed.
-Stretch and massage. Stretch the cramped muscle and gently rub it to help it relax. For a front thigh (quadriceps) cramp, use a chair to steady yourself and try pulling your foot on the affected side up toward your buttock. If you're unable to stand, sit on the floor or in a chair with your affected leg extended. Try pulling the top of your foot on the affected side toward your head while your leg remains in a straightened position. This will also help ease a back thigh (hamstring) cramp. For a calf cramp, put your weight on your cramped leg and bend your knee slightly.
Well, another way to relieve muscle cramps is to recover kidney function, which can naturally achieve calcium and phosphorous homeostasis. If renal function can be enhanced, dialysis can be avoided or gotten rid of effectively. If you are interested in more treatment options for your kidney disease, feel free to leave a message below or send your condition to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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