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At present, no treatment can stop the progress of the disease. But it is very important to detect the disease early, prevent the complications from occurring and developing, and correctly treat the existed complications.
If one is diagnosed with PKD, firstly he should keep a positive attitude. Before the disease affect the your normal life, avoid eating chocolate, animal’s organs, fermented food and other excitant food. Keep a regular schedule, and maintain stable and optimistic mood. Once the disease influences your life, use drugs that hardly harm the kidneys, and avoid strenuous physical activity and abdominal wound. Female patients should control the times of pregnancies and avoid contraceptive drugs. Besides, patients should take treatments as early as possible in order to delay the progression to ESRF.
Use drugs to remove incentives when acute pain occurs; adopt local anesthetic and steroid to block splanchnic nerves if you have intense pain. Some chronic pain is temporary; observe first, choose opioid painkillers preferentially, and avoid antipyretic and analgesic drugs. Have an operation if the pain is serious and can not be relieved.
Renal ischemia and the activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterione system are the main cause of hypertension. High blood pressure is one of complications that last the longest time, and one reason that facilitates kidney function to worsen. Strict blood control can delay kidney function decrease and lower mortality. The ideal blood pressure is 130/80mmHg. In the early stage, you should keep a low-salt diet, keep weight and take appropriate exercise. If they do not work, use drugs. The first choice is ACEI and CCB. Consider having an operation if drugs can not control the blood pressure.
Urinary Tract and Cyst Infection
The first choice is benzyl methyl oxygen organism – sulfamethoxazole and quinolone; hloramphenicol chloramphenicol also has obvious efficacy. Choose drugs according to bacterial culture and drug sensitive test. If fever still exists after using antibiotics for 1-2 weeks, take adrainage of infected cysts. If the infection repeats, you should examine whether obstruction, perinephric abscess or stone exists. Excluding complications, you should prolong the treatment time. Sometimes it takes months to eradicate infection.
Drink more water. If symptoms exist, take extracorporeal lithotripsy or percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
Cyst Bleeding and Blood Urine
Cyst bleeding and gross blood urine are mostly self-limited. Generally, conservative treatments, like reducing activity, staying in bed, relieving pain, drink appropriate water to prevent blood clot from blocking ureters, have good effects.
In addition to the above treatments, traditional Chinese medicine can not only control the disease, but also can restore your renal function. You can contact with our expert to learn more about Chinese medicine therapy.