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Four Life-Threatening Complications of Nephrotic Syndrome

2018-11-11 15:47| Font Size A A A

Four Life-Threatening Complications of Nephrotic Syndrome
Nephrotic Syndrome is characterized by edema, proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, and hypoproteinemia. Without good treatment, it may get worse and cause a variety of complications. The following are four life-threatening complications.

1. Thrombus and embolism

Thrombosis is one of the most serious fatal complications of Nephrotic Syndrome, and its incidence among Membranous Nephropathy can be as high as 25% to 40%. Coagulation occurs in both Nephrotic Syndrome itself and in the use of drugs such as hormones, so many patients will use anticoagulants. In addition, patients with Nephrotic Syndrome may have venous thrombosis of the lower extremities and renal venous thrombosis, or even pulmonary embolism and cerebral embolism, in severe case, resulting in death.

2. Protein and fat metabolism disorder

For patients with Nephrotic Syndrome who cannot fully correct the metabolic disorder before remission, the amount and structure of protein and fat in the diet should be adjusted at this time. Now, there are many drugs available for the treatment of protein and fat metabolic disorder.

Kidney patients should maintain calories in the diet. If there is significant edema or hypertension, you should limit salt and protein intake, and high quality protein is recommended. If there is local moisture, erosion or infection on the skin surface, be sure to pay attention to strict disinfection and maintain good personal hygiene.

3. Infections

Malnutrition causes poor resistance, leading to immune function disorder, which is not enough to sustain the normal immune defense. And large amounts of immunoglobulin are lost from urine and plasma proteins are reduced, which can affect the formation of antibodies. Moreover, the use of steroids or immunosuppressants can suppress immune system, increasing the risk of infections.

Patients can open the window properly every day to keep indoor air fresh and temperature and humidity appropriate. And strengthen personal hygiene. To wash hands before meal and after bowel movement. To avoid getting wet in the rain. Do not go to the public places where air does not circulate. Prevent cross infection. Do exercises regularly to strengthen immunity.

4. Acute kidney failure

Due to massive proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia, Nephrotic Syndrome patients often have low blood volume and high coagulation state. Vomiting, diarrhea, use of antihypertensive drugs and massive diuretics can all decrease renal blood perfusion, which can reduce glomerular filtration rate and lead to acute renal failure.

The occurrence of kidney disease is often associated with upper respiratory tract infection, etc., which is usually caused by wind-cold, wind heat, wind-heat, wind-damp and damp-heat heat-toxicity. Therefore, to prevent the incidence of nephritis, we should guard against the invasion of external evil.

Those complications are life-threatening, but as long as you take corresponding preventative measures, you can reduce the complications. For more information on Nephrotic Syndrome, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.

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