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Nephrotic syndrome becomes a main disease among kidney disease in recent years. It is threatening the health of patients all the time. Then, what inspection items do Nephrotic Syndrome patients need to diagnose their illness, and to take an effective treatment timely? Following is an inspection list for nephrotic syndrome. (Have a question? Get an answer from free online service now!)
If you doubt that you are suffering from nephrotic syndrome, in order to get a definitive diagnosis, you need to have following checking items:
(1) Routine urianlysis
It is preliminary judgment of whether there are glomerular lesions exist through protein equalization and urine sediment microscopy.
(2) 24 hour urinary protein quantity
24 hour urinary protein quantity over 3.5g is the prerequisite of diagnosis.
(3) Plasma protein
Plasma albumin less than 30g is essential to diagnosis.
(4) Blood lipids
Nephrotic syndrome patients often appear lipid metabolism disorder and elevated blood lipids.
If you want to understand whether the kidneys are damaged or not, and its extent to further diagnose, make treatment plan, and do prognosis, you can have the following checks:
(1) Kidney function test
The most common projects are urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Scr).
(2) Binding force of electrolyte and CO2
It is used to understand whether electrolyte and acid-base is balance.
The blood of nephrotic syndrome patients is often in a state of hypercoagulability.
(4) Following check items can be selected according to patients’ specific need
Serum complement, serum immunoglobulin, selective index of proteinuria, polypropylene amide gel electrophoresis, urine C3, fibrin degradation products (FDP), urine enzyme, serum antibodies, kidney puncture biopsy and so on.
To sum up, the kidneys are the essence of life. Protect kidney is the important guarantee to our health, so the key points are achieving a balanced diet, doing right exercise, and have treatment timely. Everyone should understand what items patients should need. If you want to know more information about these inspection items, please leave a message below, we will give you an answer as soon as possible.