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For Kidney Failure patients on dialysis, they have to make changes in their diets and lifestyles. This article will help them make a healthy diet.
Why do patients on dialysis need to eat healthily?
Normally, metabolic wastes can be filtered out of the body by kidneys through urine. However, in kidney failure, the kidneys fail to filter the metabolic products effectively. In order to preserve patients’ normal physiological activities, dialysis is used to replace certain kidney function. Keeping a healthy diet can reduce the building up of wastes in the body and improve their life quality.
Avoid food high in potassium
Potassium is related to the excitability of muscles. Heart is an important muscle in our body, which is also affected by potassium levels. High level of potassium is very dangerous for kidney failure patients, as it can cause heart beat stop, increasing the mortality rate of patients. Potassium levels can rise between dialysis sessions and affect their heartbeat, so patients should be cautious of food high in potassium.
Stay away from foods rich in phosphorus
High phosphorus can induce bone disease and skin itch in kidney failure patients. High phosphorus in blood can drop the calcium from bones. Bone with less calcium will become weak, causing some bone diseases. Too much phosphorus also can cause skin itch. Patients on dialysis should avoid eating foods rich in phosphorus.
Eat more high-quality protein
Protein is an important nutrient in our body, as it can build up tissues in our bodies, keep our muscles and increase our immunity. Some protein may lose in dialysis session, so patients should choose some high-quality protein as a supplement.
In addition, calories, vitamins and minerals are also needed for kidney failure patients on dialysis.
Generally, this article can help patients build a healthy diet, avoiding some harmful foods for kidney failure patients. If you want to build a specific diet based on your own condition, you can contact our online doctors for professional help.