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Home > Understanding Kidney Disease > Our Treatment > Dialysis >

What are The Side Effects of Dialysis

2013-09-28 10:44| Font Size A A A

It is known to all that kidney is an important organ. Kidney health is vital to the overall health of our body. It acts as a blood cleaner by filtrating the wastes and toxins in the blood and keep balance of electrolyte and acid-base. When the kidney is damaged, it will fail to do these jobs. To maintain the normal life, some replacement method is adopted. Dialysis is one of the common method used in clinic. But dialysis is not the ideal method, because the side-effects of dialysis will cause a lot of trouble.

What is dialysis?

Generally, dialysis can be divided into two kinds, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is also called the artificial kidney, it is a kind of blood purification technology. It will remove the extra waste and fluid and electrolyte out of body through diffusion to achieve the goal of clean the blood. Peritoneal dialysis take the peritoneum as the semipermeable membrane and by constantly changing the peritoneal dialysate to discharge the wastes and keep balance of electrolyte.

The side effects of dialysis

Though dialysis is necessary in some conditions, the side effects of it sometimes may be more troublesome than the kidney disease itself. The followings are the common side effects of dialysis.

a. Dialysis imbalance syndrome. The incidence of dialysis imbalance syndrome is 3.4%-20%, featuring as nausea, vomiting, headache and even convulsion, coma and death.

b. Hypotension. It is the most common side effect, and the incidence is about 20%-40%. If happens in the middle and later period of dialysis. Fast ultrafiltration, anemia, high dialysate temperature, and heart ischemia can all lead to hypotension.

c. Heart failure. Heart failure is the most serious and dangerous side effect of dialysis.

d. Skin itch. Dialysis can trigger or worsen the symptom of skin itch.

e. Muscle spasm. The incidence of this symptom is 10%-15%. If often occurs in intestinal muscle and the foot and other parts like abdomen and upper limbs.

The side effects of dialysis are annoying. You should consult your doctor before dialysis and take measures to avoid these side effects. Or you can send an email to, the kidney doctor will give you some suggestions and tell you how to deal with kidney disease!

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