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Most diabetics know that long-term high blood sugar will totally trash our kidneys in time, causing Diabetic Nephropathy. It also can progress to kidney failure in some cases. Actually, you can do a lot to prevent or slow down diabetes problems and keep your kidney health. Well then, how to do?
How does diabetes cause kidney damage?
In the kidneys, millions of tiny blood vessels (capillaries) with even tinier holes in them act as filters. Diabetes can damage this system and high blood sugar from diabetes can destroy these blood vessels. When kidneys are damaged, the protein leaks out of the kidneys into the urine. Damaged kidneys do not do a good job of cleaning out waste and extra fluids. Wastes and fluids build up in your blood instead of leaving the body in urine. An early sign of kidney damage is when your kidneys leak small amount of protein called albumin into the urine. With more damage, the kidneys leak more and more protein. This problem is called proteinuira. More and more wastes build up in the blood, and damage gets worse until the kidneys fail.
Well then, how to prevent diabetics from kidney disease?
-Keep your blood sugar in control.
To keep your blood sugar in control you should monitor it with your meter, take your medicines, and call your doctor if you are having trouble keeping your sugar in the range.
If you have having trouble controlling your blood sugar, look to your duet and cut down on carbohydrate, as these turn to sugar in your blood more quickly than other foods. You can choose foods that are healthy for your kidney and diabetes like fresh fruit, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
-Keep blood pressure in control
Keep your blood pressure at the target set by your healthy provider. From most people, the blood pressure target is 130/80 mm Hg.
If you smoke, take steps to quit. Cigarette smoking can make kidney damage worse. And if you are a drinker, limit alcohol intake or even avoid it. In addition, keeping a healthy body weight is very important. Lose your weight if you are overweight.
-Be more physically active.
Be active a total of 30 minutes most days. Ask your doctor what activities are best for you.
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