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Stage 4 chronic kidney disease is marked by severely decline of kidney function. With the reduction of kidney function, there are many complications, such as proteinuria, high blood pressure, itchy skin. Edema is also a common complication. So what are the causes of edema with stage 4 chronic kidney disease?
Fluids balance with normal kidney function.
At normal circumstance, the fluids we take are involved in the blood circulation. When they flow through kidneys, they will be filtrated by glomerular and reabsorbed by renal tubular. The waste product and the extra water will be discharged out of the body in the form of urine. Normally, the kidney will keep balance of fluids and prevent edema.
The causes of edema with stage 4 chronic kidney disease.
a. Because of the severe damage of kidney function, the glomerular filtration rate is also greatly dropped. So excessive fluids cannot be discharged and they will accumulate in the tissues, causing edema.
b. Overmuch sodium intake will also cause edema. The sodium will combine with the extra fluids, causing fluids and sodium retention. So patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease should well manage the sodium in their diet. You can send your test report to email@example.com, I will send you a detailed diet lists.
c. When one experiences stage 4 chronic kidney disease, there will be malnutrition. The plasma albumin and plasma osmotic pressure is decreased too. So the fluids cannot be kept in the blood and they will transfer to other tissues, leading to edema.
d. In stage 4 chronic kidney disease, there is always hormone metabolism disorder and this also contributes to edema.
e. Heart insufficiency in stage 4 chronic kidney disease is also a possibility of edema.
These are the causes of edema with stage 4 chronic kidney disease. If you have developed edema, you should take immediate treatment. You can contact the online doctor for more information about the treatment.
Tag: CKD Symptoms