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Home > Understanding Kidney Disease > Kidney Diseases > CKD > CKD Basics >

Long-Term Complications of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

2014-12-09 10:09| Font Size A A A

Long-Term Complications of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD),also known as chronic renal disease, is characterized by a progressive loss in renal function over time. Along with the decreased of renal function, patients are prone to suffer from some complications which not only worsen illness condition but also threat patients’ life. Here we will introduce the common complications for you. For an individualized treatment, please mail us to renal-disease@hotmail.com.

Anemia

I am sure you should know that the kidneys is both the sensor organ and the major the site of erythropoitein production. So chronic renal disease is associated with anemia. The impaired kidneys fail to produce enough erythropoitein which is responsible to generate red blood cells. When the body lacks of enough red blood cells, anemia will occur. What’s more, fatigue and weakness will appear on patients.

Cardiovascular disease

The increased cardiovascular risk is associated with the severe kidney damage like Stage 4 or Stage 5 Kidney Disease. Hypertension is a traditional cardiovascular risk factor which contributes to the cardiovascular disease associated with CKD. Actually, high blood pressure (hypertension) is one leading cause of CKD, meanwhile, it also can be regarded as the common complication of CKD. Diabetes is associated with adverse outcomes in all stages of CKD. To be frank, so far both hypertension and diabetes are leading two factors of kidney disease.

Dyslipidemia

One of important kidneys functions is charge of keeping the lipid balance. When the kidneys are damaged by some factors, they can develop complications like high cholesterol level, hyperlipidemia and high levels of triglycerides. In the condition, all of them can increase the cardiovascular risk for CKD patients.

Mal-nutrition

As patients progress through the stages of CKD, nutritional requirements are altered and metabolism of protein, water, salt, potassium and phosphorus are affected. To some extent, these changes need to be reversed by diet restrictions. Due to strict dietary limitation, patients are prone to suffer from mal-nutrition.

As a matter of fact, our body is made up of numerous organs and tissues as well as cells. Only one organ gets the damage, other organs and tissues also can be involved over time if left untreated. Therefore, once diagnosed with kidney disease, effective treatment should be applied timely so as to reduce degree of kidney damage and prevent the complications.

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