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How fast do stages of chronic kidney disease progress? Surely it is one of the urgent questions for patients who are suffering from kidney disease. If you or your loved one happen to be a kidney disease patients, a well understanding about this question will help you to some extent.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive disease whereby the kidneys have trouble removing waste and products and fluid from the body. It is divided into five stages according to glomerular filtration rate (GFR). With different stages of kidney disease, patients will suffer from different symptoms and/or complications.
People with stage 1 CKD have kidney damage with normal or high GFR greater than 90ml/min. They generally do not experience any symptoms of kidney damage even if the kidneys are no longer functioning at full capacity.
People with stage 2 CKD have kidney damage with mild reduced GFR (60-89). In this stage, patients do not experience obvious symptoms, while the mild kidney damaged may be caused by high blood pressure and diabetes.
People with stage 3 CKD have kidney damage with a moderated decreased in the GFR OF 30-59ml/min. As kidney function declines, wastes and toxins begin to build up in the blood, and patients also begin to suffer from obvious symptoms like high blood pressure, proteinuria, anemia, swelling and so on.
People with stage 4 CKD have advanced kidney damage with a severe decrease in GFR to 15-30ml/min. Patients will experience serious symptoms and complications like massive proteinuria, hematuria, severe swelling, heart disease, bone problems and other cardiovascular diseases. It is likely someone with Stage 4 CKD will need dialysis or a kidney transplant in the near future.
People with stage 5 CKD have end stage renal disease (ESRD) with a GFR of 15ml/min or less. At this stage, almost all of renal function has been lost totally. That means kidneys are no longer able to remove waste and fluids from the body effectively.
We can see that more lower GFR, more serious kidney damage will be. Clinical date shows the average progression rate of Chronic Kidney Disease is 3% and for patients with proteinuria and hematuria, it is 5%. Even so, the specific situation is greatly different from individual to individual. It is worth nothing that you can do useful something to stop at least delay the progress of illness condition. Have any follow-up question, please contact us by talking with our online doctors or email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Tag: CKD Basics